Transport accidents are the most regular of all emergency situations, with their sudden and unexpected nature requiring a rapid and co-ordinated response from the emergency services.
Ireland has experienced such events including the Air India crash off the Irish coast in 1985, rail crashes such as those at Buttevant in 1982 and Cherryville in 1983 and major road accidents such as the bus crash at Kentstown in 2005.
In the last few years Ireland, in common with most EU countries, has engaged in the review and development of its major emergency or civil protection arrangements. This has resulted in the production of a new document, the Framework for Major Emergency Management.
The purpose of this document is to put arrangements in place to enable the three principal response agencies - the local authorities, An Garda Síochána and the Health Service Executive, to co-ordinate their efforts whenever a major emergency occurs. The document governs the response to major transport accidents as well as other emergencies.